Where is coffee from?
Why – the coffee bean of course.

Where is coffee from is a broad question. Simply because the word coffee is used as a general term for so many parts of the coffee process. We refer to "coffee" when we brew it, or buy it from our local coffee shop. We also use it to refer to beans wether - roasted or green, I'm sure your grocery list has the word coffee written down, as apposed to coffee beans. We also refer to coffee as an industry. In order to understand the question or phrase "Where is coffee from" we need to look at the coffee process from seed to cup in hopes that we will hit on your definition of where is coffee from? or where is coffee from…

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Where do coffee beans come from?
Before we answer that, let's talk a little about how coffee goes from seed to cup.

Where coffee grows:
Coffee grows between the 23.5 North and 23.5 South parallel. That is about the area between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn on the world map.

coffee map

Between these parallels you need altitude and climate. Only a few country's have the right conditions to grow coffee. The climate should have warm days and cool night with the right amount of sun and rain. See top 20 coffee producers.

The seed:
The seed or bean is actually part of the coffee cherry. The seed found within the meshy membrane when processed, becomes the bean that is made into what we drink as coffee. It's this bean that is dried, [roasted], [ground] and eventually brewed into a beverage to drink. Unprocessed beans are planted and will grow into coffee trees. [Learn how to grow coffee trees at home].

The plant:
The Coffee plant takes 3 to 4 years to bear fruit ( Called the coffee berry). when ripe turns a bright deep red, and will be picked either by hand or machine. Because of it's size the coffee plant is sometimes called a coffee tree. The average coffee tree produces an annual yield of 1 to 1 1/2 pounds of roasted coffee. It takes about 4,000 hand-picked green coffee beans to make a pound of coffee.

There are two way in which the coffee crop is harvested.

• Hand Picked
• Machine picked

Hand Picked is a difficult and labor intensive process. This process is mainly used for harvesting the finer arabica coffee bean. in this process only the ripe cherry's are selectively picked. because of the work invalid in picking these finer beans a higher price is charged for the beans. A good picker averages approximately 100 to 200 pounds of coffee cherry a day,  which will produce 20 to 40 pounds of coffee beans.

Machine picked is used in places such as Brazil do to it's flat lands and immense coffee fields. this process is called "strip picking' which strips the coffee berries from the branch at one time (This can also be done by hand). An entire crop will be done at one time.

Separating bean from fruit:
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